A deep dental cleaning is essential when there is a considerable amount of bacteria and tartar buildup on the surface of the teeth. If pockets form due to gum disease, bacteria and tartar will start to fill them. If left untreated, periodontal disease and tooth loss can occur. Only your dentist or dental hygienist can tell you for sure if you need a deep cleaning.
If your visit to the dentist reveals significant pockets (4 mm or larger), then you are at risk of suffering from (or being in stages of) periodontal disease. This makes you a candidate for therapy (a thorough dental cleaning) and is highly recommended if you want to stop and prevent the progression of the disease. Without treatment, the bacteria that created the bags in the gums will continue to create plaque, tartar, and even bone loss. A thorough dental cleaning can eliminate the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth, reducing gum inflammation and improving gum health.
A deep dental cleaning, sometimes called gum therapy, is a treatment that cleans between the gums and the teeth down to the roots. If your dentist and hygienist determine that your teeth and gums are healthy, they will likely recommend normal cleaning, no matter how much time has passed since your last cleaning. There's a misconception that deep dental cleaning is necessary when you need to make sure your teeth are “good and clean.” It's important to remember that deep dental cleaning is only necessary when there is significant buildup of bacteria and tartar on the surface of the teeth. If your dentist or hygienist determines that your teeth and gums are healthy, they will likely recommend normal cleaning.
Regular visits to your dentist are essential for maintaining good oral health.